How to perform infant CPR

Once again, we follow the DRAB approach

D: Danger

Check to see if there are any dangers to yourself or the casualty. Try and make the scene as safe as possible, remember YOU are the most important person.

If the area is too dangerous then stay back and call the emergency services.

R: Response

For babies/infants: flick the bottom of the foot


A: Airway

For babies: You should ensure the baby's head is in the 'neutral' position. This means the head is not tilted forwards or backwards, instead the baby should be looking at the ceiling. Then use your finger tips to lift the chin. See the photo below for an example of an open airway
Infant - open airway

B: Breathing

Keep your hands on the baby's head & chin. Place your cheek above their mouth and look at their chest.
Look, listen and feel for regular breathing for up to 10 seconds. You are assessing for normal breathing. The occasional gasping or snoring sound is not regular breathing and should be treated as no breathing.

Performing infant CPR

1) First deliver five rescue breaths

Ensure the baby's head is in the neutral position. Cover their mouth and nose with your mouth and deliver five rescue breaths.

Each breath should only need a 'puff' of air from your cheeks.

Rescue breaths baby

2) Then give thirty chest compressions

Use two fingers to compress the baby's chest on the breastbone (sternum) at a rate of 100 – 120 chest compressions per minute.

Chest compressions infant

3) After thirty chest compressions, deliver another two rescue breaths

4) Repeat the cycle of thirty chest compressions to two rescue breaths (30:2)

Infant CPR demonstration video


John Furst

JOHN FURST is an experienced emergency medical technician and qualified first aid & CPR instructor. John is passionate about first aid and believes everyone should have the skills and confidence to take action in an emergency situation.

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