How to perform child CPR
Child CPR is similar to the adult CPR process but with a few important changes.
Check to see if there are any dangers to yourself or the casualty. Try and make the scene as safe as possible, remember YOU are the most important person.
For children: shout loudly in both ears and tap them on the shoulders
If you do not get a response, then the child is unconscious.
The difference between being asleep and being unconsciousness is that an unconscious child / baby will not wake up.
How to perform CPR on a child
If the baby / child is not breathing, you should call an ambulance and start rescue breaths and chest compressions immediately.
You do not need to check for a pulse, as this often wastes valuable time. If a public defibrillator (AED) is available, then it should be sent for immediately.
1) First deliver five rescue breaths
Open the child's airway using the head tilt / chin lift technique. Pinch the nose and deliver five rescue breaths. Each breath should only last around a second, be cautious not to over inflate the child's lungs.
2) Then give thirty chest compressions
Place the palm of one hand in the centre of the child's chest on the breastbone (sternum). Give thirty chest compressions at a rate of 100 – 120 minute
3) After thirty chest compressions, deliver another two rescue breaths
4) Repeat the cycle of thirty chest compressions to two rescue breaths (30:2)
Only stop CPR if:
- The child shows signs of life: coughing, breathing etc.
- You are asked to stop by a healthcare professional (ambulance crew etc.)
- You become too exhausted to continue
- The situation suddenly becomes too dangerous
Child CPR demonstration video