Classification of burns

Burns can be classified by their type and depth.

Types of burn

  • Scald – caused by a hot liquid

  • Friction – caused by rough surfaces, e.g: carpet

  • Radiation/sunburn

  • Electrical – will have an entry burn and an exit burn

  • Chemical

  • Dry – touching hot objects, e.g: a cooker.

Depths of burn

Depths of burns

Superficial (1st degree) – this is when only the top layer of skin has been damaged. These are the most minor burns. Often the only sign is a reddening of the skin. Minor sunburn falls into this category of burns.

Partial thickness (2nd degree) – these burns cause blisters in the skin due to the damaged tissue releasing fluid.

Full thickness (3rd degree) – this is the most serious type of burn. In a full thickness burn, every layer of the skin has been affected and the underlying bone, muscle or fat may have also been damaged.

John Furst

JOHN FURST is an experienced emergency medical technician and qualified first aid & CPR instructor. John is passionate about first aid and believes everyone should have the skills and confidence to take action in an emergency situation.

You may also like...

First Aid Links